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Finch Behaviour Problems


The commonest problem you’ll encounter amongst birds is aggression. In a large aviary where individuals can find personal space and escape to the far corners of the enclosure, you have a better chance of getting the balance right, even with a mixed flock of birds. In smaller setups you will need to have some extra ‘cooling down’ cages for aggressors (or their victims). Some species are pretty incompatible, and many others become aggressive when hormones boil over in the breeding season.

Canary Rivals

Canaries in the breeding season sometimes enter into bouts of competitive singing, even if they are being kept in separate cages. Although this can be pleasant to the human ear, a constant song-based faceoff between the birds can cause them stress, and it’s best to move one of the competitors out of earshot, if possible. If the songsters are housed together in an aviary, there’s little you can do. The confrontation may end in a scuffle, or one of the birds may grow so exhausted that he retreats to a quiet corner. Keep an eye on any such development, to make sure the ‘loser’ doesn’t fall ill.


Hens sometimes lay eggs when there has been no mating. It is mating and nesting that require the specific stimulation of courtship and bonding, not egg-laying per se. If a hen lays eggs without a cock bird, they will of course be infertile. The eggs will often be laid in the food tray - the nearest thing to a nest that the hen can find.

Hot or Cold

A bird with drooping wings and open beak is probably over-heated. Make sure there’s shade available in your cage setup, if the bird is outside. Indoors, you could move the cage to a cooler room; but that room will have to be bird-safe. A hot bird is not usually in any danger, and if it’s a consequence of hot weather he will simply spend more time than usual sitting and panting. You should still be watchful, though, as panting behaviour in your birds could indicate a disease and should be referred to the Finch Health section of this guide.

A fluffed-up bird could, again, indicate illness; but your finch may simply be cold. If there’s anything you can do to safely heat up the environment, do so. A cover over the cage at night will help.

Canary feet
The feet of a Canary can be a clue to its health

Owners whose pet canaries or Zebra finches perch on their fingers learn to recognise the normal temperature of their pets’ feet. If the bird is hotter or colder than usual, they can tell by the foot temperature. This is a useful gauge, a starting point for further investigation - i.e. is the hot or cold down to the ambient temperature, or are there other signs that could indicate the onset of illness?

Mating Urge

It sometimes happens that a cock finch enters the breeding season earlier than the hen. In this situation the female will not be receptive, and the frustrated male will begin chasing, or even attacking her. If this happens the pair will need to be temporarily separated.


A tired bird might not be ill - he might just not be getting a good uninterrupted night’s sleep. If there are lights on in the house, or security lights interrupting outdoor slumber, the finches will not be happy. They need an uninterrupted rest from dusk until dawn, all year round.


Some cock finches become over-zealous in defending their nests while the hen is incubating the eggs. Given enough space, other finches will soon learn to keep away. In a smaller cage, this is an untenable situation, and is one of the reasons why finches are generally kept in breeding pairs.

Customer Images

Flipp in his home.


Roberta, 1 July 2021

I have three zebra male finches who are a year old, they are all brothers. For the most part, they get along just fine but at night it's like they are fighting over who is getting a certain perch. I noticed one of the finches has a few feathers missing under his lower beak. Is that from one of the other male's doing that or what. Should I separate him from the other two?

Edgar, 8 June 2021

What dose it mean when the mail French flits his tail and makes clicking sound

Stan, 4 June 2021

I have a gouldian finch it stopped chirping a month ago it was sleeping and probably got scared it was flying around in the cage and since then it stopped chirping it’s feathers are fading and falling off. It will chirp 1 to 5 times for the day any advice would be appreciated

Jen, 15 May 2021

We had two greenback Lady Gouldian Finches approximately 2.5 years old. They lived in the same cage since we became their adopted home. They always gotten along, Last spring they laid 20 eggs. Overall the female was much more hardy and stronger than male. The male was gentle and sweet and sadly passed away today suddenly after being puffed out for three days. I watch the two of them interact most of the days. Nothing in their habitat changed. But all of a sudden he was on the floor of the cage one day at 3pm. I last checked on them at 12pm. I assumed he injured himself in flight. That was ruled out once I realized he was able to move and fly. The female was aggressive with him when he was puffy and he seemed scared of her. Any time she would come close he would leave. Long story short - I am wondering what role the female played in his death? She doesn’t even seem to care he died today while we are all very heartbroken.

Grey, 11 April 2021

I have a female and a male zebra finches, so when the male wants to mate with her, she doesnt let him. She would keep on jumpint from stick to stick and doesnt let him get on top of her. What should i do?