UK Cat Laws

Here you can find out about all of the laws regarding cats that are enforced in the United Kingdom. You can find out who is liable for damage in the event of an accident, and discover all you need to know about at the Animal Welfare Act.

Theft Act 1968

Cats are regarded as property in the eyes of the law. This means that cats who appear to be stray or lost are still considered the property of their original owner and so adequate steps must be taken to locate the original owner where possible.

Criminal Damage Act 1971

If a person harms or kills your cat without lawful excuse* then they may be liable. Not only is it an offense for anyone (including the owner) to cause unnecessary suffering to a cat but it is also classed as criminal damage if someone harms your cat because the cat is considered your property.

The most common lawful excuse is if somebody has hit your cat with their car by accident.

Animal Act 1971

This act recognises that cats are less likely than other animals, such as dogs and livestock to cause damage to property and/or injure people. The outcome of this is that the law does not require owners to confine their cats within their property.

Sale Of Goods Act 1979

Like any business transaction the seller aka the breeder has an obligation to provide goods of satisfactory quality that match their description and are fit for purpose. The way that this most commonly affects cats (almost purely pedigree cats), is if the breeder has lied about lineage and/or known hereditary defects. For a case to carry any weight there must be proof that any health problems that developed after sale were known about prior to the sale but not disclosed.

Animal Welfare Act 2006

This act aims to ensure the welfare of cats whilst simultaneously preventing cruelty. The act emphasises the need for owners to supply a suitable place for their cat to live and exhibit normal behaviour. It also states cats need to be protected from pain, suffering, injury and disease. Lastly a suitable diet must be provided for your cat.

Liability For Cat Damage

This is a tricky area of the law with no universal answer. It can be said that cat owners have a duty of care to take reasonable steps to prevent their cat causing harm to others or damage to property but unlike dogs and livestock, cats have the ‘right to roam’ meaning that they do not have to be securely confined by their owners. If a cat is causing a nuisance through noise or fouling a neighbours garden, then steps should be taken to prevent this. Failure to do so may force the neighbour to contact the council who will assess the level of nuisance and have the power to issue anti social behaviour orders (ASBOs) which carry a criminal offense if not complied with.

Car Accidents

If your cat is hit by a car then the driver is not liable under the criminal damage act for any injury or death unless there is proof that the collision was caused by driver negligence. Furthermore it is unlikely that you will be liable for any damage caused by the collision however it is not guaranteed.

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Sarah, 5 August 2019

My neighbour has 5 or 6 cats who do their business on our front drive (no grass only slabs) and right outside our front door daily. We have tried everything to deter them but they just keep coming back - citrus, pepper, vinegar, cucumber, one of those stick in the ground battery powered things, a water pistol... Where do I stand on insisting the neighbour keeps them in his house? We don't want to hurt them but just need them to disappear!!

Julie, 1 July 2019

If a neighbour harms your cat, under the Criminal Damage Act 1971, who do you report this offence to? Is it the Police or an animal welfare organisation or both?

, 15 June 2019

My neighbour has multiple cats that all think my garden is their litter tray. I spend alot of money on plants and soil and they like to kill them by pooing and digging them up. I also have a 5 year old who can't play on my grass as they deficate on that too. Were not talking the odd poo, we are talking 4 or 5, 2 or 3 x a day. As you can imagine a day at work means alot of crap to pick up when we get home. Can I send a clean up bill or bill for the loss of plants and cost of replenishing soil to the owners?

Jenny, 18 May 2019

How many cats are you allowed to have in a 3 bedroom house? I am concerned for a lady who has 19 in her house, about 10 are house cats and aren’t allowed outside

Vinod, 10 April 2019

My neighbour cat doing seat on my driveway who has responsibility to cleaning the seat? And how can I complain about that?

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