Swarming is the bees' way of multiplying. It is a completely natural occurrence that every beekeeper will encounter at some time or another. A successful colony will breed and become large. At this point they will decide to split and create another colony. The bees will start to produce a new queen and the old queen leaves the hive with around a third of the colony.
Signs That The Bees Are About To Swarm
There are several things that indicate that a colony might swarm:
- They start to produce queen cells
- There is no more room in the brood box
- Clusters of bees appear near the entrance of the hive
When a hive is filled with honey and has no room for new eggs, worker bees search for a suitable place to set up a new colony. After the queen has mated, she takes about half the worker bees and starts a new colony in the new location. A new queen is left behind with the other half to continue the old colony.