Start off by holding your guinea pig on your lap. The principle things you’re examining are the consistency and the cleanliness of your guinea pig’s coat. Once you’ve got a good idea of the general condition of your guinea pig’s hair, then you can give them an examination for some particular problems that guinea pigs can suffer from.
It’s important to be aware of what parasites guinea pig’s coats may have living in them, so that you know what you should be looking for. The main parasites that affect guinea pigs are mange, static lice and running lice. Mange is caused by mites and fungus. Static lice and running lice are lice and mites respectively. All can cause discomfort and stress to your pets, so it’s important to part the coat and have a good look for these things when you give them a health check.
Guinea pigs can suffer from a lot of different parasites
If your guinea pig has bald spots, then this could be due to mange mites or a fungal infection, both of which are easily treatable with a special shampoo. Many owners assume that guinea pigs lose their hair as they get older, but this isn’t true. Any loss of hair in guinea pigs that isn’t behind the ears should be investigated. An exception is that sometimes guinea pigs may have a bald patch on their behind, caused by the substance they use to mark their territory. This is normal, especially in boars, but if it looks a bit sore then there might be another underlying problem.
Guinea pig’s hair loss can also be caused by … guinea pigs. Guinea pigs can sometimes chew off each other’s or their own hair, in a behaviour known as barbering. Barbering can be caused by boredom, stress, and lack of roughage like hay. Keep supplying hay, and try and provide some objects of interest for your guinea pigs and see if this helps.