The variation in colours, textures and lengths really is quite amazing when you realise that all of these dogs share the same common ancestor. There are many different dog coat types, each particularly interesting in its own right. Here you can find out how to groom each coat type, and choose which coat type you like the most.
A Chow Chow with a strange and magnificent coat
The Bulldog has a smooth coat and requires very little maintenance. The Labrador Retriever has a thick, double coat that can prove quite difficult to dry. Terriers have wiry coats which need hand stripping. The Old English Sheepdog has a long coat which requires daily brushing. The Poodle has a curly coat which may need a great deal of attention to prevent matting, and the Chinese Crested often has no coat at all.
The 10 Coat Types
- Dogs with Short Smooth Coats
- Dogs with Medium Length Coats
- Dogs with Long Coats
- Dogs with Double Coats
- Dogs with Silky Coats
- Dogs with Corded Hair
- Dogs with Curly Hair
- Dogs with Wiry Coats
- Dogs with Hypoallergenic Hair
- Hairless Dogs
Dogs with Short Smooth Coats
A great thing about dogs with short coats is that you can really appreciate their athletic physique. For example the Rhodesian Ridgeback which was bred to keep Lions at bay has a fantastically muscular physique.
A beautiful young Greyhound with an incredible smooth coat
Smooth coated dog breeds have short and shiny hair, and make great pets for people who don’t have much time to spend grooming. They require the least amount of attention as they are able to dry their coats very quickly. Dogs with smooth coats do not need brushing very often, but enjoy a good scrub in the bath every so often.
Dog breeds with smooth coats include the American Foxhound, the Basenji, the Basset Hound, the Beagle, the Belgian Malinois, the Bloodhound, the Bull Terrier, the Bullmastiff, the Dachshund, the Dalmatian, the English Bulldog, the English Foxhound, the French Bulldog, the Great Dane, the Greyhound, the Jack Russell Terrier, the Manchester Terrier, the Pharoah Hound, the Pug, the Rhodesian Ridgeback, the Rottweiler, the Saluki, the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Whippet.
Pictures Of Dogs With Smooth Coats:
A Boxer with a wonderful smooth coat
A pack of English Foxhounds with beautiful short smooth coats
A Greyhound with a lovely short smooth coat
Dogs with Medium Length Coats
Dogs with medium coats are the perfect middle ground. All the protection of a long coat and the low maintenance of a short coat.
A medium length coat is one that is longer than an inch, but still appears to be fairly short in comparison to a long haired coat. Dog breeds with medium length coats are fairly easy to groom. Weekly brushing is enough, as medium hair coats generally don’t get very dirty and tend not to matt. A monthly bath is sufficient, but make sure that you dry the hair thoroughly.
Three Australian Cattle Dogs with thick medium coats
Dog breeds with medium length coats include the Akita, the Australian Shepherd Dog, the Border Collie, the Brittany, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the German Shepherd, the Golden Retriever, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Pyrenean Mountain Dog, the Saint Bernard and the Siberian Husky.
Pictures Of Dogs With Medium Length Coats:
A Siberian Husky with a medium coat
A beautiful Akita with a medium coat
Dogs with Long Coats
If you have ever seen an Afghan Hound's long coat flowing as it runs, you will know that long haired dogs are rather majestic animals.
Some breeds have long parted coats, including the Afghan Hound, the Lhasa Apso, the Maltese, the Shih Tzu, the Silky Terrier, the Skye Terrier, the Tibetan Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier. For long parted coats you must regularly encourage a straight parting down the dog’s back using a brush and a comb.
An Afghan Hound with a well groomed long coat
Long coated dog breeds that don’t need parting include the Bearded Collie, the Chow Chow, the English Cocker Spaniel, the Havanese, the Irish Setter, the Newfoundland, the Old English Sheepdog, the Pekingese, the Pomeranian, the Saint Bernard and the Samoyed. They also require a lot of maintenance, especially larger breeds that tend to get more exercise outside. They will need regular brushing to prevent the hair from matting and to keep the skin healthy.
Long Haired Dogs in Hot Weather
During hot weather long haired dogs can be prone to overheating. In hot weather it is important to keep your dog's coat in the best condition possible. A properly groomed coat will help to regulate your dog’s temperature. Removing the dead undercoat will help circulate air near to the skin keeping your dog cool. You may also want to trim the hair, however be careful not to remove too much hair or to shave your dog as their coat can help to regulate their temperature and protects their skin from sunburn. It is best to keep long haired dogs inside during hot weather and avoid leaving them in the car. When on long walks ensure you have plenty of water for your dog and have breaks in the shade.
Heat stroke symptoms in dogs include excessive panting or difficulty breathing, increased heart and respiratory rate, drooling, mild weakness, stupor or even collapse. If you notice these symptoms you must contact your vet immediately.
Images Of Dogs With Long Hair:
An Old English Sheepdog with a beautiful long coat
A Bearded Collie with a lovely long coat
An Afghan Hound with a beautiful long coat
Dogs with Double Coats
Double coated dogs are like us wearing a wooly jumper with a waterproof coat over the top. The term “double coat” sounds complicated but it really is quite simple. They have a combination of a short, thick undercoat and a long overcoat which prevents their skin from getting wet. Their double coats keep them warm in winter and cool in summer so they are happy in all weather.
A Pembroke Welsh Corgi Medium Dog with a beautiful soft coat
They require quite a bit of attention, especially when wet. Double coats stay wet for a long time. They also tend to hold a ‘doggy’ smell unless they are washed properly. In the warm summer months dogs with double coats may need hand stripping so they don’t overheat.
Dog breeds with double coats include the Alaskan Malamute, the Anatolian Shepherd Dog, the Australian Cattle Dog, the Bearded Collie, the Beauceron, the Border Collie, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, the Chinook, the Chow Chow, the Finnish Spitz, the German Shepherd Dog, the Golden Retriever, the Keeshond, the Labrador Retriever, the Newfoundland, the Norwegian Elkhound, the Old English Sheepdog, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, the Pomeranian, the Puli, the Samoyed, the Shih Tzu, the Siberian Husky, the Swedish Vallhund, the Tibetan Spaniel, and the Yorkshire Terrier.
Images Of Dogs With Double Coats:
Three Labradors with beautiful thick double coats
A Cardigan Welsh Corgi with a silky coat
A Newfoundland with a black double coat
Dogs with Silky Coats
A dog with a nice silky coat could give even the most popular shampoo advert models a run for their money. Silky dog coats are long, soft and flowing. These coats require quite a bit of attention to avoid matting and tangling. They need daily brushing to keep them maintained, but remember to always brush with the lay of the coat and be gentle when teasing out those tricky tangles.
A Spaniel with a beautiful silky coat
Images Of Dogs With Silky Coats:
Two Gordon Setters with dark silky coats
Two beautiful little Silky Terriers
A Silky Terrier with a long silky coat
Dogs with Corded Hair
Dogs with corded coats comically resemble a mop (in a nice way of course). They have hair that has been separated into dreadlocks but this is usually only maintained for showing purposes. This is because like a mop, they pick up all sorts of debris off the floor. The cords form naturally as the coat grows but do need some maintenance. This stops them becoming one big cord.
A beautiful white coated Komondor
They require a lot of care and attention but it is not such a difficult job. You must remove any knots or tangles with your fingers, and gently massage the skin to keep it healthy. Only brush a corded breed when the dog is young and before the cords develop. The ears, legs and tail require the most attention.
Images Of Dogs With Corded Hair:
A close up of a Komondor with a white corded coat
A Komondor with a dirty white corded coat
A white curly coated Komondor lying down outside
Dogs with Curly Hair
Dogs with curly coats have thick, tight, wavy hair - rather like David Hasselhoff. It is quite common for them to matt and tangle and their coats can become quite dry. It is advisable to use a spray conditioner before brushing to minimise breakage, and monthly clipping will help you to keep on top of coat maintenance.
A beautiful black Poodle with curly hair
It is very helpful to speak to your vet or a professional groomer to understand how to best groom your dog’s curly coat, as they can vary dramatically between breeds.
Images Of Dogs With Curly Hair:
A Bichon Frise with a curly coat
A Curly Coated Retriever with a black curly coat
A Black Russian Terrier with a curly coat
Dogs with Wiry Coats
Dogs with wiry coats can feel like a scourer but don’t go washing your dishes with a wire haired fox terrier, believe us - he won't be happy.
Wiry coated dogs have rough and bristly hair. They are also sometimes known as broken coats. They do not shed which is why wiry haired breeds are often favoured by those with allergies. Grooming a broken coat can be quite time consuming as it can involve plucking out stray hairs with a stripping knife. This stimulates the skin to grow healthy new hairs and will keep your wiry dog looking smart.
A wire coated Pointer Griffon
Wiry coated dog breeds include the Affenpinscher, the Border Terrier, the Brussels Griffon, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, the Irish Terrier, the Otterhound, the Scottish Terrier, and the West Highland Terrier.
Pictures of Dogs with Wiry Coats:
An Irish Terrier with a wiry coat
An Affenpinscher with a wiry coat
A border terrier with a wiry coat
Dogs with Hypoallergenic Hair
Being allergic to dogs is never fun, but don’t worry. If you’re a dog lover who struggles with allergies then you should look into getting a dog with a hypoallergenic coat. Interestingly it is actually the dog dander rather than the hair that most people are allergic to. Dander (like dandruff) is the dead skin cells that fall off your dog along with the hair.
A beautiful Miniature Poodle with a hypoallergenic coat
A hypoallergenic coat is one that sheds very little hair. This is why they are favoured by people with allergies. The dense coat catches the loose hairs which prevents them from floating around in the air. However, hairs that are caught in the coat can quickly cause matting. For this reason, breeds with hypoallergenic coats will need frequent brushing and combing.
There are many different breeds with hypoallergenic coats. They include the Afghan Hound, the Basenji, the Barbet, the Brussels Griffon, the Irish Terrier, the Lakeland Terrier, the Miniature Bull Terrier, the Miniature Schnauzer, the Poodle, the Shih Tzu, the Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier, the Welsh Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier.
Poodles in particular will need clipping and bathing every 6-8 weeks. Professional grooming is recommended for this breed.
Photos Of Dogs With Hypoallergenic Fur:
A beautiful little Basenji with a hypoallergenic coat
A lovely young Bull Terrier with a short hypoallergenic coat
A lovely little Brussels Griffon with a hypoallergenic coat
Its amazing to see how different a dog can look when it has no hair at all. They are certainly an acquired taste as the sight of a totally bald dog is quite a surprise.
A Mexian hairless with beautiful big ears
Breeds with no hair will still need grooming. Their hairless skin is much more vulnerable to sun damage and so sunblock will need to be applied. These hairless dog breeds will also need bathing so that their skin remains healthy.
Hairless Dog Pictures: