Dogs have been used for hundreds of years to herd animals, but the Border Collie is a master of it. The breed was standardised by 1906, but on it's working ability not on it's appearance. It was simply classed as a Sheep dog. The name Border Collie was adopted by 1915, based on it's origin around the Scottish/English borders.
Seen as the most intelligent of all dogs breeds, the Border Collie needs constant mental stimulation. They are bred to herd and that is what they do; whether it is sheep, other dogs or children! They tend not to do too well with other animals within the home, as their herding instincts tend to take over. They have an excess of energy and a high desire to work. As such they need lots of walks. Many owners take part in agility competitions, frisbee catching or Fly ball. The dogs love anything to do with exercise and thrive when working. It is not possible to just allow a Border Collie access to your garden and expect it to be happy. It needs to work. A lack of physical and mental stimulation will result in destructive behaviour. They have an overactive brain that never switches off and will often just stand and stare at you. They do make a loyal, dependable companion and will do anything for you, but need an owner that has lots of time to dedicate to long walks. Border Collies do shed a fair amount of their smooth and rough hair and need regular grooming.
Border Collies have very intelligent and energetic temperaments. This is not a dog for the lazy and will only be happy when they are given sufficient mental and physical stimulation.
They tend to form a tight bond with their handler and can be reserved towards other dogs and people. Outside of working they do well in obedience and agility being eager to please and very quick learners.
Health problems that may affect Border Collies include canine hip dysplasia (CHD), elbow dysplasia, epilepsy and Collie eye anomaly (inherited condition which in severe cases can cause blindness).
- Status: Common
- Life Expectancy: 10 - 17 years
- Weight: 12 - 20 kg
- Height: Males 20 - 23" Females 18 - 21"
- Rare: No
- Coat: Medium
- Grooming Requirements: More than once per week
- Town or Country: Country
- Minimum Home Size: Small House
- Minimum Garden Size: Large Garden
- Breed Type: Herding
- Size: Medium
- Energy Level: High
- Exercise Required: Over 2 hours
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