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European Shorthair Cats

a pretty european shorthair giving a cat pout for the camera A tabby european shorthair lying down with its paws crossed A lovely european shorthair cat looking grumpy A european shorthair with a tricolour coat


The European Shorthair cat breed was developed in Sweden by breeding attractive non-pedigreed housecats to achieve a strong shorthaired cat with a rounded face. This breed was developed with an old Roman breed in mind. This old Roman breed spread across Europe as the Roman Empire spread. These old cats were known for being good mousers, with many farms across Europe having had European Shorthair as they were good at protecting grain stores from mice.

Today this breed is popular in Europe, with Finland and Sweden having the most breeders.


Because the European Shorthair has been developed from unpedigreed house cats (which all have varying and different temperaments) it is difficult to summarise accurately the behaviour of this breed. Generally this is an active breed that needs lots of space. Some individuals will be happier living an outdoors life, catching mice. Some may prefer to be indoors with their owner receiving unlimited strokes and cuddles. They are generally quite adaptable, and get on well with other pets. These are independant cats, and they can sometimes be wary of strangers but will be loyal to their owners.


All colours, shades, and patterns.

Breed Details

  • Status: Fairly common
  • Place of Origin: Sweden
  • Rough date of Origin: 1980s
  • Hair length: Shorthair
  • Activity Level: Medium
  • Vocalness: Medium
  • Child friendly: Good with children
  • Intelligence:
  • Playfullness: Playfull
  • Grooming Requirements: Once a week
  • Weight: 3.5 - 7.0kg
  • Size: Medium
  • House Cat or Outdoor Cat: Outdoor Cat
  • Pet Compatibility:
  • Social Needs:

European Shorthair Pictures

European shorthair cat sleeping on someone's legs under a blanket
A european shorthaired cat.
Cat in snow
a grey cat lying in the sun on a sofa indoors
an orange and white European shorthair cat lying on a sofa

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