Black Russian terrier

History

The Black Russian Terrier, or BRT, was developed in the late 1940's, early 1950's in Russia for use as a working dog. Primarily used by the military, it is not a true terrier, but a cross breed including Airedale, Rottweiler, Giant Schnauzer and Newfoundland, to name but a few. The modern day BRT is a companion, guard and working dog.

Behaviour

The BRT is a confident dog, highly intelligent and swell suited to training. Being bred to work, they thrive on tasks and can become easily bored. A bored dog can become destructive in the home, so plenty of exercise and mental stimulation is needed. They make excellent watch/guard dogs and don't bark unless there is a reason to. They are brave and fearless (a terrier trait) and aren't trusting of strangers. Early socialisation is very important to get them used to strangers entering the home. Within a family, they are loving and can become very clingy, following you everywhere. They need company, be it human or canine and don't do well being left on their own for too long. They are generally good with respectful children, but as always, parents should be vigilant. Any food left around children's mouths will be licked clean by a BRT. Their beards tend to get a bit messy and wet, but that won't stop them wanting to kiss you. They are affectionate dogs and will want to be close to you, on the sofa or bed. Early training is recommended and they respond well to regular praise. They enjoy obedience, agility and guarding competitions and this is one way to expel their excess energy.

Their coats are low shedding and should be trimmed every few months if not kept for showing. A short coat then only requires a regular brush. They are a healthy breed but can suffer canine hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia.

Temperament

Black Russian terriers have a calm and confident temperament. They are protective and affectionate towards their family but may be reserved with strangers. They are large and strong dogs with a gentle personality.

They are fine with most other dogs and pets but may not be happy if housed with a dominant or strangely behaved dog.

Health Problems

Health problems that may affect Russian Black terriers include caninie hip dysplasia (CHD), elbow dysplasia and progressive renal atrophy (PRA: degeneration of the retina leading to blindness).

Breed Details

  • Status: Common
  • Life Expectancy: 10 - 14 years
  • Weight: 50 - 60 kg
  • Height: Male 28-30" Female 27-28"
  • Rare: No
  • Coat: Medium - Double
  • Grooming Requirements: Everyday
  • Town or Country: Either
  • Minimum Home Size: Large House
  • Minimum Garden Size: Large Garden
  • Breed Type: Working Dog
  • Size: Giant
  • Energy Level: High
  • Exercise Required: Over 2 hours

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