Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

History

Cavalier Spaniels originated in tudor times where they were used as lap dogs and feet warmers. They were often used as mobile hot water bottles too. In the 1700's, King Charles II took so much interest in the breed, that they became known as King Charles Spaniels. Lots of breeding took place over the next 200 years, creating a shorter nose which was preferred at the time. In the early 1900's, breeding began again to get back to the more pointed nose that we recognise today. They are one of the most popular breeds in England.

Behaviour

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an affectionate, devoted, gentle lap dog that loves company. They are a playful and energetic breed, but also very happy to cuddle up on the sofa and will always want to sleep on your bed. Being so placid, they are often used as therapy dogs and are good with children of all ages. They don't cope well if left alone for too long as they crave company, but aren't the sort of dog that is under your feet all the time. With training, they learn quite quickly but can mess around and lie on their backs for a tummy rub too often. This endearing quality is typical of the breed. They have wonderful soulful eyes and will always come up to you when you're feeling low. They enjoy walks and are happy when out exploring new smells and chasing anything that moves. They won't always come back if something sparks their interest. Like most spaniels, they can be greedy, but this should help with training. A healthy breed, but owners should watch for over feeding/obesity and Chronic Hip Dysplasia which can be a problem for the breed. Their long fur will get matted if not groomed regularly - not a problem with Cavaliers as they love the attention. They will need a trim a couple of times a year.

Temperament

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an affectionate and gentle temperament. These dogs will not make an enemy of anyone and will fit into a household with other pets or small children easily. Very gentle in nature these dogs love a good walk in the country as much as a cuddle on the sofa.

Very sweet tempered it is important to socialise them early to prevent timidity and be warned, they will not be happy if you leave them alone for too long as they crave your companionship.

Health Problems

Health problems which may affect Cavalier King Charles Spaniels include mitral valve disease (heart condition that almost all in the breed will suffer from as they age), canine hip dysplasia (CHD), luxating patella (dislocation of knee cap), syringomyelia (brain and spine condition that can cause paralysis) and various eye and ear problems.

Breed Details

  • Status: Common
  • Life Expectancy: 9 - 14 years
  • Weight: 5.4 - 8.2 kg
  • Height: 12 - 13"
  • Rare: No
  • Coat: Medium
  • Grooming Requirements: More than once per week
  • Town or Country: Either
  • Minimum Home Size: Flat
  • Minimum Garden Size: Small to Medium Garden
  • Breed Type: Toy Dog
  • Size: Small
  • Energy Level: Medium
  • Exercise Required: Up to 1 hour

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